Governed by the Qingdao Port Group (formerlly the Qingdao Port Authority), the Port of Qingdao is a complete world port offering the full range of services that includes loading, unloading, storage, and logistics for containers and other cargoes like coal, iron ore, crude oil, grain, and a variety of bulk cargoes. The Port of Qingdao also offers international passenger services.
The Port of Qingdao trades with more than 450 ports in 130 countries and regions. It is a major hub for international trade and for sea-going transportation within the Yellow River region of China and along China's Pacific coastline. The Port of Qingdao contains four major areas: Qingdao old port, Huangdao oil port, Qianwan new port, and Dongjiakou port.
The Port of Qingdao can accommodate the world's biggest vessels and tremendous volumes of cargo. The Port of Qingdao is the world's seventh busiest port for total cargo throughput and the world's eighth busiest port for containers. The Port of Qingdao leads all other world ports for handling inbound iron ore and all other ports in China for inbound crude oil. The Port of Qingdao is also the second busiest port in China for international trade.
In 2010, the Port of Qingdao handled a total of 350.1 million tons of cargo, including 12 million TEUs of containerized cargo. Cargo volume in the Port of Qingdao has greatly exceeded the goals of the 10th and 11th Five-Year Plans.
The Port of Qingdao is so productive that it has paid more local taxes than any other Qingdao enterprise for seven years in a row. The Port of Qingdao is recognized for outstanding performance. It has received more than 100 state-level honorary titles including the first National Quality Management Award, one of the first National Environment-Friendly Enterprises, Superlative Enterprise in Energy Conservation and Environment Protection, and many more.
The Qingdao Qianwan Container Terminal Company Ltd. (QQCT) is a joint venture between the Qingdao Port Group, P&O Ports (now DP World), QPC, COSCO, and APM Terminals. The total investment of $887US million in this Port of Qingdao facility is the largest infrastructure investment in the Shandong Province.
The Port of Qingdao's QQCT operates eleven container berths that can support sixth-generation mega-vessels carrying more than ten thousand TEUs. This Port of Qingdao terminal covers 556 acres (2.25 million square meters) and has a minimum depth of 17.5 meters (57.4 feet). Total length of berths is 3.4 thousand meters (11.1 thousand feet), and total annual container throughput is 6.5 million TEUs.
Located on the Pacific shores of the Port of Qingdao, the QQCT is an important hub for international transportation and for transshipment in Shandong Province and throughout the Yellow River Delta. QQCT is equipped with 37 super post-Panamax container gantry cranes and over 100 rubber-tyred gantries. The Port of Qingdao's QQCT also has 44 forklifts of varying capacities.
The Port of Qingdao's QQCT has a state-of-the-art information management system that assures timely, accurate, and efficient planning and cargo management including loading/unloading, storage, transfer, packing/unpacking, and refrigeration services.
Located in Qianwan Harbor in Qingdao's Jiaozhou Bay, the depth of the route to QQCT is 15 meters (49.2 feet). The stacking yard covers an area of 225 hectares, and it includes 5,976 reefer plugs.
Two new state-of-the-art 12.2-meter (40-foot) tandem quay cranes in the Port of Qingdao's QQCT can handle two 40-foot boxes or four 20-foot boxes at the same time. With the ability to serve the biggest container ships, these quay cranes have lifting height of 43 meters (141 feet), maximum outreach of 65 meters (213 feet).
QQCT's intermodal connections in the Port of Qingdao support its rank as one of the world's leading container terminals. In addition to connections with 450 world ports, QQCT operates an outstanding water-to-water feeder service network covering the Bohai coastal area and North Jiangsu Province. The network also extends from the Port of Qingdao to the Northeast area.
Located in the Qingdao Economic and Technology Development Zone, the Port of Qingdao's QQCT is just 68 kilometers (42 miles) from Qingdao City via the Jiaozhou Bay Expressway. The QQCT also has easy road access to the Jinan-Qingdao Highway, the Yantai-Qingdao Highway, and National Highway 308 connecting the Port of Qingdao to the rest of Shandong Province. The north-south Tongsan coastal highway and east-west Jiaozhou-Huangdao Railway connect QQCT to the region's hinterland. A new bridge and sea channel shorten travel time from QQCT to the Port of Qingdao's downtown area in 2008.
The Jiaozhou-Huangdao Railway connects the Port of Qingdao's QQCT dock area to the national rail network and facilitates inland connections and sea-rail transport. Five fixed container block trains move freight between fixed out-going stations in the Port of Qingdao to fixed destination stations. These container block trains are able to travel at maximum speed since there is no need for marshaling on route.
The Xigang Company, a branch of the Qingdao Port Group, manages the only breakbulk wharf in the Port of Qingdao that handles bulk vessels carrying cargoes like paper pulp, alumina, steel, iron ore, sulfur, lumber, grains, and fertilizer. In 2003, throughput for the Xigang Company reached over 4.1 million tons of bulk cargoes.
Located adjacent to the Qingdao Economic and Technological Development Zone and the Port of Qingdao Bonded Area, the Xigang Company handles general and bulk cargo on the western shores of Jiaozhou Bay. The Xigang Company has a wide range of facilities in the Port of Qingdao that can handle all types of general and bulk cargo.
The Port of Qingdao bulk terminal operated by the Xigang Company has easy road access to the Jinan-Qingdao Highway, the Yantai-Qingdao Highway, and National Highway 308 connecting to outside cities. It also has rail connections from the Jiaozhou-Huangdao Railway inside the terminal to the external Jiaozhou-Jinan Railway.
The Port of Qingdao's bulk terminal covers more than 38 hectares, and it contains over 582 meters (1.9 thousand feet) of moorage. It is equipped with ample dockside mobile cranes and a variety of heavy-lift equipment.
The Port of Qingdao's Qiangang Company is a branch of the Qingdao Port corporation. Primarily dedicate to handling coal and iron ore, the Qiangang Company is the Port of Qingdao's biggest ore transshipment service and one of five main bases for the export of coal.
Located on the western shores of Jiaozhou Bay, the Qiangang Company borders Qingdao Old City. Jiaozhou Bay is the anchorage ground for this Port of Qingdao company. The Qiangang Company is blessed with a natural deep-water harbor that is protected from heavy wind and waves, from silting, and from freezing, making it an excellent shipping point.
To the west, the Port of Qingdao's Qiangang Company facilities are connected with the Port of Qingdao Free Trade Zone. It is served by the Jiao-Huang and Jiao-Ji railways, and Qiangang Company has easy access to local highways and the national road system.
The Port of Qingdao's Qiangang Company manages three wharves and seven deep-water berths. With capacity for handling 48.2 million tons per year, the Qiangang Company's area of the Port of Qingdao is 593 acres (2.4 square kilometers). Its storage yard is about 272 acres (1.1 million square meters) and has capacity for 10 million tons of cargo per year. The Port of Qingdao's Qiangang Company is capable of unloading 6.1 thousand tons of ore per hour per ship.
The Port of Qingdao's coal-handling system contains one 560-meter (over 1.8 thousand foot) wharf and two berths with annual throughput of 15 million tons of coal. These Port of Qingdao berths can accommodate one hundred thousand ton cargo freighters. Seven concrete-surfaced storage yards have total capacity for 660 thousand tons. These Port of Qingdao coal-handling facilities include two dumpers, two reclaimers, two stackers, two ship-loaders, one stack-reclaimer, and a control center.
The Qiangang Company's ore-handling system in the Port of Qingdao has five berths. Four of the berths can accommodate vessels from ten to fifty thousand tons, and one berth can accommodate vessels of 20 thousand tons.
The four ten thousand ton ore berths can handle 10.2 million tons, and they are equipped with 11 cranes, two car-loaders, three stacker-reclaimers, and 15 strap machines. Annual throughput capacity of this Port of Qingdao ore-handling system is 33.2 million tons, and stacking and storing capacity is more than 9.7 million tons.
The Port of Qingdao's iron ore wharf managed by the Qiangang Company can accommodate 300 thousand ton cargo freighters, making it one of the world's few ports capable of berthing bulk cargo vessels of this size. The iron ore wharf has annual throughput capacity of 23 million tons. The ore transshipment berth in the Port of Qingdao can accommodate 200 thousand tons of ore, and it is equipped with three grab-type unloaders, three stacker-reclaimers, and two car loaders in the ore yards.
Located next to Qingdao's old downtown, the Dagang Company, part of the Qingdao Port Group, is the only handling company in the old Port of Qingdao. It was the first and largest handling company in Mainland China. The Dagang Company handles containers, bulk cargoes, extra-large bagging of bulk cargo, alumina, and fertilizer. Dagang Company in the Port of Qingdao handles home-trading of containers, import of bulk grains, import and export of steel materials, agricultural products, and passenger services.
The Port of Qingdao's Dagang Company operates six wharfs a total of 5.8 thousand meters (almost 19 thousand feet) long containing 26 berths with alongside depth of 14 meters (45.9 feet). Ten berths support ships of over ten thousand tons, 12 berths accommodate ships of five thousand tons.
The Port of Qingdao's Dagang Company has 14 warehouses covering 155.6 acres and storage yards with capacity for 1.6 million tons. Twenty-two special tubes store bulk grains, bulk cement, bulk pure alkali, vitriol, and other bulk cargoes.
The Dagang Company operates a total of 7400 meters (24.3 thousand feet) of railway service linking this Port of Qingdao wharf to the Jiaoji Railway. The rail service has capacity for loading/unloading 300 sections 24 hours per day. The Dagang Company terminal is also connected with the Jiqing, Yanqing, and Jiaozhou expressways.
The Dagang Company in the Port of Qingdao is equipped with container gantry cranes, land-carriage service cranes, fork cranes, bagging equipment, and tow trucks. The floating crane can lift 320 tons.
The Port of Qingdao's Dagang Company has the world's most advanced grain operating system that includes a belt airlock system, a calculating system, a steel grain tube, and services that include bagging, vehicle-loading, and fumigating. On unloading ships, the Port of Qingdao's sealed operation system is controlled by a state-of-the computerized system that can manage 1200 tons per hour.
The Dagang Company in the Port of Qingdao has a steel grain tube system with capacity to store 100 thousand tons. The Port of Qingdao's bulk grain-handling berth is 280 meters (918.6 feet) long with alongside depth of 14 meters (45.9 feet) and has a design capacity of 70 thousand tons.
This Port of Qingdao berth can handle two bulk grain ships of 50 thousand tons each. The Port of Qingdao's bulk grain bagging system contains 16 automatic bagging machines, each with a bagging rate of 50 tons per hour, giving the system capacity for bagging 16 thousand tons over a 24-hour period.
The Dagang Company, known as the great harbor company in the Port of Qingdao is the grain-handling company in Qingdao Harbor. Grain is the fifth biggest cargo in the Port of Qingdao after containers, coal, crude oil, and mineral ore. The Port of Qingdao's Great Harbor Company offers a full range of services that include cargo-handling, bagging, loading/unloading trucks and storage. The major cargoes handled by the Great Harbor Company are grains, steel products, fertilizer, finish product oil, alumina, pure alkali, frozen products, sulfur, burnt carbon, and containers.
The Oil Port Company of Qingdao Port Group has two docks for crude oil and two docks for fuel oil in the Port of Qingdao. With capacity for 30 million tons of cargo per year, the Oil Port Company in the Port of Qingdao has capacity to store almost three million cubic meters. The new liquid chemical dock accommodates the largest vessels in the world carrying liquid chemicals.
Berth 60 can accommodate oil ships from five- to 30-thousand tons, and it is equipped with three oil arms of diameter DN250. Port of Qingdao Berth 61 handles oil ships of from 15- to 70-thousand tons, and it has three oil arms with diameter DN300. Port of Qingdao Berth 62 serves 80- to 280-thousand ton oil ships, and it has four oil arms with diameter DN400. The two fuel oil docks can accommodate vessels under three thousand tons.
The liquid chemical dock in this Port of Qingdao facility was designed to accommodate vessels under 50 thousand tons. It can handle two three- to five-thousand ton liquid chemical ships simultaneously. An additional Port of Qingdao liquid chemical dock with design capacity for 2.3 million tons per year serves liquid chemical ships less than 80 thousand tons.
The Port of Qingdao's passenger terminal is located at 26 Xinjiang Road in Qingdao on the Port of Qingdao's main channel. Three international and domestic lines operate from the passenger terminal. These are Qingdao to Shanghai, Qingdao to Inchon, Korea, and Qingdao to Shimonoseki, Japan. Other international passenger ships carry up to 100 thousand people through the Port of Qingdao per year. The passenger terminal contains ticket office, bagging office, baggage checking room, waiting room, international service check-in, a tax-free store, a canteen, and a passenger services office.
The Port of Qingdao operates an efficient and effective Customs process. The trial cross-region customs clearance process simplifies transfers, reduces logistics costs, and enhances the Port of Qingdao's competitiveness.
The multi-place declaration and port clearance model maximizes clearance space, as goods declared in any designated Port of Qingdao Customs site are also cleared for import/export in the Huangdao and Dagang ports. Innovations in regional clearance processes improve reciprocity between the Port of Qingdao's Shandong Province and neighboring provinces.
Paperless clearances and on-line payments dramatically speeds the clearance process, and on-line payments have made up 70% of the Port of Qingdao total customs duty.
The development of the Port of Qingdao's bonded logistics services and the special economic zone has improved the integration between the Port of Qingdao and the economic zone and the operations of the bonded and export warehouses.
The Port of Qingdao is continually improving its use of the Internet to achieve operation and management goals for customs clearance. Close monitoring of economic trends and import-export data is used to forecast and plan for coming changes. The Port of Qingdao's AQSIQ is responsible for inspections and supervision of import and export commodities.
The Port of Qingdao's Machinery Plant (QPMP) is subordinate to the Qingdao Port Group. The QPMP has more than 500 employees divided into four departments. Located in an almost 7-acre (28 thousand square meter) facility, the Port of Qingdao's QPMP has over 150 pieces of equipment used for testing and machining.
The Port of Qingdao's QPMP contains the only advanced production lines for pretreating steel in Qingdao City. Services performed include auto-shot blast, baking finishes, spray painting, steel storage tanks, and digitally-controlled cutting.
Manufacturing Port of Qingdao machinery, the QPMP has produced model rubber-tyred gantry cranes, a multi-featured port jib crane, a rail spiral coal unloader, and belt conveyors and rollers.
The Port of Qingdao's QPMP has 15 domestic customers and clients in Taiwan Province. The QPMP also researched and manufactured the post-Panamax quayside container crane with capacity for handling 65 tons of cargo.
The Port of Qingdao Telecommunication Company, is a branch of the Qingdao Port Group. The Telecommunication Company provides services for the Port of Qingdao's subordinate companies and all ships in the port.
Supported by modern telecommunications and computer equipment and systems, the Telecommunication Company in the Port of Qingdao is expanding into wireless communications, automatic control systems, and computer applications and training for industries using the port and other regional industries that include oil, electricity, and construction among others.