The Port of Nanjing (Chinese) is China's busiest inland port and the biggest container port on the Yangtze River. It includes two new container terminals at Longtan Port and Xinshengwei Port. The city has many water bodies, including lakes, rivers, and canals, that link to the Yangtze River and make the Port of Nanjing an excellent facility for transporting both cargo and passengers.
Vessels of up to 35 thousand tons can travel throughout the year for the 414 kilometers (257 miles) of the Yangtze between the Port of Nanjing and the Huanghai and East China Seas. The Port of Nanjing is a multi-purpose sea- and river-port handling an average of 60 million tons of cargo per year.
The Port of Nanjing has more than 300 jetties along its 200+ kilometer (over 124 miles) harbor. The Port of Nanjing contains about 230 berths, including 35 berths capable of handling ships of over ten thousand tons. The Port of Nanjing contains about 80 hectares of warehouses, and two kilometers (1.2 miles) of dedicated rail. The Port of Nanjing is home to the largest petroleum shipping jetty, coal facility, and foreign trade shipping dock of any river port in China.
The Port of Nanjing contains 14 facilities on the north and south banks of the Yangtze River. These facilities include six public areas. The Xiaguan facility is a Port of Nanjing ferry terminal with 11 berths that covers 6.7 kilometers (4.2 miles) on the south bank of the Yangtze with processing capacity for over 3.1 million tons per year. The Shang Menyuan facility in the Port of Nanjing on the south bank covers 4.8 kilometers (three miles) of shoreline and contains 29 berths with total capacity for over 11.9 million tons per year. The Port of Nanjing's Xin Shengwei facility on the south bank is used to handle more than 9.7 million tons of foreign imports and automotive-related cargoes per year at its 21 berths that span 3.9 kilometers (2.4 miles) of shoreline.
Also on the south bank, the Longtan facility's 32 berths in the Port of Nanjing are used primarily for the transport of containers, with capacity for more than 2.7 million tons per year. Focusing on coal transport and internal trade, the Pukou facility on the Yangtze north shore in the Port of Nanjing has 12 berths with capacity for 12.8 million tons per year. Covering 12 kilometers (7.5 miles) of shoreline on the north bank of the Yangtze River in the Port of Nanjing, the Yizheng facility has 18 berths with capacity for 27.2 million tons of petroleum per year.
The Port of Nanjing contains three industrial areas. The Port of Nanjing's Banqiao industrial area on the south bank is used primarily to serve Meishan Iron and Steel and the Hua Ren Coal Generator. It covers 5.6 kilometers (3.5 miles) of shoreline, the Banqiao facility contains 20 berths and can handle over 9.4 million tons of cargo per year. The Xixia industrial area in the Port of Nanjing, also on the south bank, covers 7.8 kilometers (4.8 miles) and contains 26 berths with processing capacity for over 13.7 million tons of cargo per year. The Port of Nanjing's Dachang industrial area on the north bank of the Yangtze specializes in handling iron and steel, petrochemicals, and power supplies. It covers 8.6 kilometers (5.3 miles) and contains 47 berths that have total capacity for more than 24.6 million tons per year.
The Port of Nanjing is developing five new areas. When completed, the Port of Nanjing's Tongjing area on the Yangtze's south bank will cover 6.8 kilometers (4.2 miles) and will have capacity for 11.9 million tons per year. The Port of Nanjing's new Ma Dugang area on the north bank will contain 14 berths along 2.8 kilometers (1.7 miles) and will handle about 11.2 million tons of cargo per year. The Qiba area will cover 13.4 kilometers (8.3 miles) on the north bank in the Port of Nanjing and will contain 49 berths with capacity for 24.6 million tons of cargo per year. The new Xiba area in the Port of Nanjing will cover 8.1 kilometers (five miles) of shore line. The Mei Zizhou area will cover 4.7 kilometers (2.9 miles) and will have capacity for about 8.2 million tons of cargo per year.
The Nanjing Port Company, one of the operators in the Port of Nanjing, is a publicly-traded company based in China responsible for port operations and handling marine cargo. The port company loads and unloads cargo and provides warehouses and storage for crude and refined oil and for chemical products. In 2012, the Nanjing Port Company handled over 12 million tons of cargo that included 3.8 million tons of crude oil and 4.5 million tons of finished petroleum products. Nanjing Port Company subsidiaries are also involved port development and construction, container-handling, and engineering services in the petrochemical area.
There are several ship repair facilities in the Port of Nanjing. The large state-owned Jinling shipyard was established in 1952. The Port of Nanjing's Jinling shipyard has two dry docks, eight ship-building berths, and three outfitting quays. The shipyard is equipped with eight gantry cranes with capacities from 150 to 500 tons. In 1996, the Port of Nanjing's Jinling shipyard entered the international ship-building market. Since then, the Jinling shipyard in the Port of Nanjing has produced container ships, bulk carriers, chemical vessels, tankers, submersibles, and floating docks. The shipyard has delivered more than 100 vessels to over 20 countries.
One of the Port of Nanjing's new projects includes the Nanjing Chemical Industrial Park being developed by Shenzhen International Holdings, which covers logistics, construction, and infrastructure at the Park. Shenzhen has 70% ownership of the project, and the Nanjing Port Authority and Nanjing Chemical Industry Park Company each own 15% of the project. The Port of Nanjing Chemical Industrial Park will contain five deep-water terminals and two logistics centers. The first phase of the project included two terminals for 50-thousand-ton vessels and a 40-hectare logistics center.
The Port of Nanjing Chemical Industry Park covers an area of 135 square kilometers (52 square miles) and is only 30 kilometers (18 miles) away from downtown. The industrial park will be a high-end environmentally-friendly industrial base focusing on modern logistics, new energy applications, life sciences, new materials, manufacturing, and energy-saving research and development. The Port of Nanjing's new industrial park is designed to promote innovation and chemical-technology-based entrepreneurship by focusing on research and development and the industrialized application of low-carbon technologies by incorporating scientific advances into commercial projects. By 2015, the Port of Nanjing Chemical Industry Park will achieve ambitious goals in reducing energy consumption and emission of harmful pollutants, making it a national pilot zone.
At this stage, the Port of Nanjing Chemical Industrial Park contains over 270 businesses including 153 foreign-based companies. The Port of Nanjing Chemical Industrial Park is home to 50 of the world's top chemical corporations, including China's three main petrochemical companies (Sinopec, PetroChina, and Sinochem) and international firms like BASF, BP, DSM, Celanese, Sasol, Huntsman, Ashland, and Air Products & Chemicals.