Guangzhou Port Group Company Ltd. is wholly owned by the Chinese state. Established in 2004 and approved by the Guangzhou Municipal government, the company was reformed from the earlier Guangzhou Harbor Bureau to manage the Port of Guangzhou. The company is responsible for a wide range of Port of Guangzhou operations that include:
The Port of Guangzhou is South China's biggest comprehensive hub port. The Port of Guangzhou contains 49 berths, 23 anchorages, and 13 buoys. In 1999, the Port of Guangzhou was the second busiest port in mainland China, handling 100 million tons of cargo.
In 2010, the Port of Guangzhou handled 410 million tons of cargo, including 12.6 million TEUs, making it the fifth busiest port in the world for non-containerized cargo and seventh in the world for containerized cargo. The Guangzhou Port Group handled 270 million tons and 9.9 million TEUs alone.
The Port of Guangzhou is currently undergoing projects to maintain its position and South China's main hub port and to make it an international container hub port. This will be accomplished in phases. The Port of Guangzhou's Nansha Terminal Project and the Phase II Xinsha Terminal provide specialized deep-water berths for cargoes that include containers, bulk cargo, and grain.
The Port of Guangzhou's Nansha Port Area is located in Huangge and on Longxue Island in the Nansha District on the Pearl River's west bank. Facing the South Sea, to the east are Nanhai, Shunde, and Fanyu. Located in the geographical center of the Pearl River Delta and covering the Pearl River Delta City Complex, the Port of Guangzhou's Nansha Port Area is a central node that connects cities that line both banks of the Pearl River.
The Nansha Port Area in the Port of Guangzhou contains the Phase One and Two container terminals, a grain and multi-purpose terminal, the Nansha Automobile Terminal, and three terminals for petrochemicals. The Nansha Port Area takes the Port of Guangzhou from the status of a river port to a true seaport.
In late 2008, China's central government granted bonded port status to the Nansha Port Area in the Port of Guangzhou. The port area contains three parts with a total area of 1.7 thousand acres.
The Bonded Port in the Port of Guangzhou includes the Phase I (NCT) and Phase II (GOCT) terminals, the logistics park, and an exports processing area. This Port of Guangzhou bonded port area can handle bonded cargo, international transshipments and procurements, and distribution and export of international cargoes.
The Nansha Port Centralized Inspection Center (NPCIC) is a central Port of Guangzhou location where cargo can be inspected in a fast and efficient customs clearance process. The NPCIC covers an area of about 49 acres, and it is located between the Nansha Phase I and Phase II terminals. This Port of Guangzhou Center includes an all-weather inspection platform and field, a comprehensive office building, and complete support equipment and facilities including an X-ray inspection machine, sterilized platform and rapid sterilized passage, a load meter, container cleaning field, cold storage warehouse, heat-drying room, and fumigation room.
The Port of Guangzhou Nansha Port Trailer Operation Center (NPTOC) is a public service platform for trailer businesses. Covering the Port of Guangzhou Nansha Port Area, the NPTOC was established to improve the network of transport services in the Nansha area, optimize the allocation of port resources, and strengthen communications within the Port of Guangzhou. Four bridges connect the Nansha Terminal with different areas in Guangzhou City; so cargoes can be delivered from the Port of Guangzhou to the city within one to two hours. Two additional bridges will be completed in 2012.
The Port of Guangzhou Shuttle Barge is a public express barge service that serves the Nansha Terminal and other feeder terminals. Operated by the Guangzhou Port Group the Shuttle Barge is a complete waterway distribution network surrounding the Port of Guangzhou's Nansha Terminal. It provides a cost-effective, dependable public feeder service that helps shipping companies reduce their operation costs when using the Port of Guangzhou.
The Xinsha Port Area in the Port of Guangzhou is on the east bank of the Pearl River. It contains ten deep-water berths with two thousand meters (6.6 thousand feet) of quays. These Port of Guangzhou deep-water berths are dedicated to handling containers, bulk grains, coal, automobiles, and bulk cargoes.
The Xinsha Automobile Terminal is the export point in the Port of Guangzhou for Honda (China). It is also the import point for Toyota, Hyundai, and BMW vehicles. The Port of Guangzhou is the busiest port for loading and unloading automobiles in South China. It is also the biggest base for imports and exports of automobiles. The Port of Guangzhou is one of four ports that have been appointed by China's General Customs for foreign trade auto importing. In 2010, the Guangzhou Port Group handled 431,000 automobiles.
The Xinsha Coal Terminal in the Port of Guangzhou operates with outstanding efficiency and is a leading coal-handling facility for South China. The Port of Guangzhou is the largest port in South China for loading and unloading one of the region's major energy sources. In 2010, the Guangzhou Port Group handled 42.5 million tons of coal.
One of the most profitable grain terminals in the region, the Xinsha Grain Terminal has a grain silo at the rear operated by the central government.
The Port of Guangzhou's Huangpu Port Area is located about 22 nautical miles upriver on the Pearl River from the Nansha Port Area. The major cargoes handled in the Port of Guangzhou's Huangpu Port Area include containers, large bulk, heavy pieces, and oil products.
The Port of Guangzhou Container Terminal is one of the first container terminals that was opened in mainland China. It contains three berths with capacity for vessels of 35 thousand tons and 645 meters (2.1 thousand feet) of quays.
The Port of Guangzhou's Xingang Terminal in the Huangpu Port Area is dedicated primarily to bulk grains, break bulk, and steel cargoes. The Xingang Terminal in the Port of Guangzhou has five berths for vessels of 35 thousand tons and 937 meters (3.1 thousand feet) of quays.
The Xiji Coal Terminal in the Port of Guangzhou's Huangpu Port Area is South China's biggest professional coal terminal. It contains a barge terminal with two berths with capacity for vessels of 35 thousand tons. The Port of Guangzhou's Xiji Coal Terminal is a major port for transshipment of energy resources in South China.
The Huangu Port Area in the Port of Guangzhou also contains a petrochemicals terminal where aviation fuel for Guangzhou Baiyun Airport is transported and transshipped.
The Huangpu Old Terminal in the Port of Guangzhou handles containers and large and heavy bulk cargoes. The Port of Guangzhou's Huangpu Old Terminal contains ten berths with capacity for vessels of ten thousand tons, and it has 1.8 thousand meters (6.1 thousand feet) of quays.
The Port of Guangzhou's Downtown Port Area contains the Henan, Xinfeng, and Dashatou terminals. Located relatively far upriver from the main Port of Guangzhou, the Downtown Port Area has been transitioning for cargo-handling to the service industry and commerce over the last several years.
The Huanghsa Aquatic Products Trading Market in the Port of Guangzhou is the third biggest wholesale markets for aquatic products in China. Port Plaza in the Downtown Port Area is the Port of Guangzhou's biggest riverside square. The Port of Guangzhou's Tiagucang area is becoming a new area for cultural industry in the Port of Guangzhou.
Seven companies in four port areas in the Port of Guangzhou are involved in handling containers. These include: the Henan Terminal and the Xinfeng Terminal in the Downtown port area, the Huangpu Old Port and Huangpu New Port-GCT in the Huangpu Port Area, the Xinsha Terminal in the Xinsha Port Area, and the Guangzhou South China Oceangate Terminal and the Nansha Stevedoring Company in the Nansha Port area. The companies involved in the container-handling operations in the Port of Guangzhou include the Xinfeng Branch Company, Henan Branch Company, Huangpu Branch Company, Guangzhou South China Oceangate Container Terminal, Guangzhou Container Terminal Company Ltd., and Nansha Stevedoring Company.
The Huangpu New Port-Guangzhou Container Terminal (GCT) is a joint venture between the Guangzhou Port Group and PSA. With three container berths at Xingang Terminal, it has excellent connections with waterways, roadways, and railways.
Fourth- and fifth-generation container vessels can easily navigate to the Huangpu New Port-Guangzhou Container Terminal with the tide, and cargoes are shipped by direct weekly near-sea services to major ports in Asia from the Port of Guangzhou. They can also be transshipped through Hong Kong or Singapore to Europe, Australia, and America.The facilities at the Port of Guangzhou's Huangpu New Port-Guangzhou Container Terminal include 160 acres (650 thousand square meters) of port area and 9.4 acres (38 thousand square meters) of warehouse space. They include 809 meters of quay with alongside depth of 12.5 meters (41 feet). This Port of Guangzhou terminal has capacity to handle 900 thousand TUEs per year.
GPL is co-located with the Guangzhou Container Terminal, and it has a 49-acre (200 thousand square meter) logistics center in the Port of Guangzhou with a 24.7-acre (100 thousand square meter) container yard, a 3.2-acre (13 thousand square meter) warehouse for roadway stuffing and unstuffing, and a 2.3-acre (9.4 thousand square meter) warehouse for railway stuffing and unstuffing. The Port of Guangzhou logistics center also has a supervised customs area.
The Guangzhou Port Group's main office is responsible for coordinating, negotiating agreements, and dispatching vessels engaged in the container business in the Port of Guangzhou. Seven stevedoring companies load, unload, and store container cargoes.
The Nansha Terminal is the Port of Guangzhou's leading container terminal serving primarily ocean liners and large domestic liner services. The Port of Guangzhou Container Terminal, Huangpu Old Port, and Xinsha Container Terminal support near-sea services and smaller domestic liners.
The Port of Guangzhou's Phase I Nansha Terminal (Nansha Container Terminal) is a joint venture between the Guangzhou Port Group, CS Terminal, and Guangzhou Nansha Assets Operation Company. The Port of Guangzhou's Nansha Container Terminal was opened in 2004 with four deep-water container berths. The Phase I Nansha Terminal in the Port of Guangzhou has capacity to handle five million TEUs per year.
The Nansha Phase I Terminal in the Port of Guangzhou covers almost 450 acres. It is 1400 meters (4.6 thousand feet) long and 1300 meters (4.3 thousand feet) wide with alongside depth of 15.5 meters (almost 51 feet). This Port of Guangzhou terminal covers an area of 182 hectares. The container yard has capacity for 86.4 thousand TEUs, and it includes 1080 reefer plugs. Several Port of Guangzhou businesses operate at the Nansha Container Terminal including handling and warehousing cargoes, manufacturing, processing, and maintenance among others.
The Port of Guangzhou's Nansha Terminal Phase II (GOCT) is joint venture between the Guangzhou Port Group, COSCO Pacific, and APM Terminals. Covering an area of 223 hectares, the GOCT in the Port of Guangzhou has six deep-water container berths that can handle a total of six million TEUs per year.
Opened in 2007, the GOCT in the Port of Guangzhou has 2100 meters (6.9 thousand feet) of quay with alongside depth of 15.5 meters (almost 51 feet). The Port of Guangzhou's GOCT container yard has capacity for 151.9 TEUs and has 1000 reefer plugs.
The approach channel to the Port of Guangzhou's GOCT is about 35 nautical miles and takes about three hours. The channel is 240 meters (787 feet) wide with a depth of 15.5 meters (50.8 feet). The phase III dredging project in the Port of Guangzhou will deepen the channel to 17 meters (55.8 feet) and dredge a turning area in the middle of the channel to allow mega-vessels to pass each other in the channel.
The GOCT has 18 super post-Panamax quay cranes with a reach of 65 meters (213.3 feet), so that the terminal can serve the world's biggest container ships. Two of the biggest container vessels in the world, the MSC Irene and the MSC Bettina, called recently at the GOCT in the Port of Guangzhou.
With a length of 366 meters (1200 feet), a beam of over 51 meters (167 feet), and a draft of 15.6 meters (51.2 feet), these two vessels carry almost 13.8 thousand TEUs each. The vessels are part of Geneva's Mediterranean Shipping Company's Asia-Europe Lion Service. They are the biggest container ships in the world.
The Guangzhou Port Group owns all of the Xinsha Terminal which has three berths and a total of 640 meters (2.1 thousand feet) of quay. Located at Machong, Dongguan in the Port of Guangzhou, it is surrounded by manufacturing companies that include LEE & MAN, Nine Dragons Paper, and many more.
With a channel depth of 9 meters (29.5 feet), the Port of Guangzhou's Huangpu Old Port is about 15 kilometers (9.3 miles) from downtown and 88 nautical miles from Hong Kong. The Huangpu Old Port has extensive connections to the hinterland by waterway, railway, and highway. The container business in the Old Port includes barges for foreign container trade to Hong Kong, Shenshen, and Nansha. It also includes liners for domestic containers to Southeast China and Shanghai.
The Henan and Xinfeng Terminals provide Hong Kong/Macao feeder services in the Port of Guangzhou. With capacity for 200 thousand TEUs per year, the Henan Terminal in the Port of Guangzhou contains 19 berths with capacity for vessels from 500 to five thousand ton vessels. It also has five anchorages for vessels of ten thousand tons, and the Port of Guangzhou's Henan Terminal contains 40 acres (162 thousand square meters) of stacking and warehouse space.
The Port of Guangzhou's Xinfeng Terminal is located in the downtown Liwan District. It can handle up to 100 thousand TEUs per year. It contains two berths with 780 meters (2.6 thousand feet) of quay with alongside depth of from 4 to 5 meters (13.1 to 16.4 feet).
In early 2008, the Port of Guangzhou launched block train service to support intermodal transportation. The service, connecting the Port of Guangzhou Huangpu New Port and Kunming South, allows improved movement and distribution of cargoes to and from Southwest China.
The train leaves the Port of Guangzhou on Wednesday and Saturday. A call at the Huangpu Old Port was added, and stops at the Guangzhou Container Terminal New Port and the Port of Guangzhou Xinsha Terminal are planned. Handling time at departure and return in the Port of Guangzhou is estimated to be one day.