Port of Sydney
Port Commerce

The Sydney Ports Corporation (SPC) was established in 1995 as a State-owned corporation to manage the Port of Sydney. The main functions of Sydney Ports Corporation are to manage, develop, and operate port facilities and services; to facilitate and improve the port-related supply chain; to manage navigation and operational safety for commercial shipping; to protect the environment; and to produce profitable growth.

Container Terminal<br>Sydney

Container Terminal

Photo by Aaron Jacobs

To realize its vision of assuring world-class sustainable ports and an effective logistics network, the Sydney Ports Corporation focuses on delivering efficient logistics, infrastructure, and operations that promote industry and positive social outcomes for Port of Sydney citizens. To do this, SPC integrates technical, social, and political outcomes in planning and execution. SPC strives to maximize New South Wales investments in port infrastructure, to meet the objectives of its stakeholders, and to increase the Port of Sydney's market share.

The Port of Sydney has long been a key player in Australia's development, being the first major ports in the country. Today, the Port of Sydney handles over $60 billion in international and domestic trade each year. The Port of Sydney contributes over $2.5 billion to New South Wales' economy every year and supports over 17 thousand jobs. The Port of Sydney handles almost a third of the countries containerized cargoes.

The Port of Sydney enjoys one of the most beautiful harbors in the world. The harbor supports both commercial shipping and recreational boating. The Port of Sydney's commercial wharves are less than ten kilometers (six miles) from the international shipping lanes. Its 11 berths handle the full range of commercial vessels handling containers, dry bulk, liquid bulk, general cargo, and cruises.

Port of Sydney facilities cover a total area of 41.7 hectares, with port facilities located at Glebe Island/White Bay, Circular Quay, and Walsh Bay. There are also private facilities at Gore Cove in the Port of Sydney. As a popular cruise destination, the Port of Sydney is the only port in Australia with two dedicated cruise terminals.

Port Botany

Port Botany

Photo by J Bar

Port Botany is just 12 nautical miles south of Sydney Harbor's entrance and the Port of Sydney's central business district. With two container terminals, six berths for container vessels, and links to extensive rail and road networks, Port Botany is a critical component of the Port of Sydney's cargo-handling facilities. To ensure that the Port of Sydney is capable of meeting increasing commercial traffic, particularly for containerized cargoes, the Port of Sydney plans to expand facilities at Port Botany.

Most of the Port of Sydney's trade is made up of containerized traffic. Imported goods include manufactures, machinery and equipment, household goods, chemicals, paper and paper products, prepared foods, fruit, and vegetables. Containerized exports through the Port of Sydney are dominated by cotton, wool, meat, wheat, wine, animal foods, iron and steel, and aluminum. Dry bulk cargoes handled by the Port of Sydney include items like sugar, cement, and salt. Liquid bulk cargoes include refined and crude oil, liquefied petroleum gas, and chemicals.

Manly Ferry Wharf<br>Sydney

Manly Ferry Wharf

Photo by Abesty

Recently, the Port of Sydney combined the positions of Harbor Master and Executive General Manager. Centralizing Port of Sydney management at the Sydney Ports Operation Center at the Brotherson Dock in Port Botany has helped the Port of Sydney realize greater efficiencies, reduction of duplicative efforts, and produced cost savings.

The 2010-2011 shipping season brought record volumes of container traffic, throughput, and revenue to the Port of Sydney. During the 2010-2011 shipping season, the Port of Sydney's major trade partners were countries in East and Southeast Asia and Europe. The Port of Sydney handled over a million TEUs of import commodities and almost 460 thousand TEUs of export commodities in the 2010-2011 shipping season.

Circular Quay Ferry Wharf 4<br>Sydney

Circular Quay Ferry Wharf 4

Photo by Abesty

Containerized imports held more than 220 thousand TEUs of machinery and transport equipment, over 215.3 thousand TEUs of manufactured articles, and almost 131.4 TEUs of chemical and chemical-related products. Other imported containerized cargoes included pulp, paper, and paperboard; textiles; non-metallic mineral products; edible products; iron and steel; beverages and tobacco; and wood, timber, and cork.

Exported containerized cargoes included chemical and chemical products (almost 50 thousand TEUs); cereals (45.4 thousand TEUs); machinery and transport equipment (41.9 thousand TEUs); miscellaneous manufactured goods (34.1 thousand TEUs); non-ferrous metals (30.2 thousand TEUs); pulp and waste paper (27.5 thousand TEUs); iron and steel (18.5 thousand TEUs); wood, timber, and cork (20.3 thousand TEUs); iron and steel (18.5 thousand TEUs); and meat and meat preparations (12.1 thousand TEUs).

  • Container terminals

The Port of Sydney is Australia's second busiest container port, and it serves the country's biggest market. The planned expansion of Port Botany will help the Port of Sydney meet projected increases in container traffic for the coming decades.

DP World Container Terminal<br>Sydney

DP World Container Terminal

Photo by Aaron Jacobs

The Cooks River Rail Depot and Empty Container Park at St. Peters is one of two facilities in the Port of Sydney with rail access. This Port of Sydney facility is critical to providing increased rail transport of containers to and from the wharves. Empty containers are cleaned, stored, and repaired at Cooks River before they are re-exported or transferred to regional freight centers. The Cooks River facility is being upgraded and expanded to accommodate trains of over 600 meters (2000 feet). Maritime Container Services is the tenant for this Port of Sydney facility. The upgrades will also include additional temperature-controlled container facilities. When completed, the Cooks River facility will have capacity for 14.5 thousand TEUs and will support increased exports from New South Wales producers.

  • Bulk and breakbulk terminals

Located within the Port of Sydney metropolitan area, the Glebe Island and White Bay facility promotes the efficient land-sea transfer of bulk cargoes. The seven berths at Glebe Island/White Bay receive, store, and distribute dry bulk goods. The 39.7 hectare facility is a common-user dry bulk cargo discharge area for self-discharging vessels. The common-user cargo discharge facilities include pipelines, conveyors, and adjacent storage silos. The berths at Glebe Island/White Bay have total berthing distance of 1890 meters (6200 feet) for general cargo and lay-up.

  • Oil / Liquid terminals

Iver Exact<br>Sydney Harbour

Iver Exact
Sydney Harbour

Iver Exact, a double hull oil and chemical tanker, IMO number 9307982.
Photo by J Brew

The new Bulk Liquids Berth 2 in the Port of Sydney will be operational in 2013. Bulk Liquids Berth 1 has been operating in Port Botany since 1979, but increased traffic in refined fuels, gasses, chemicals, and other bulk liquids has forced the developed of a new berth to prevent ship queuing. Adjacent to Bulk Liquids Berth 1, the new liquids bulk berth will include infrastructure like marine loading arms, fire-fighting equipment, on-shore support facilities, and pipelines to/from existing user sites. The new multi-user berth will operate 24 hours a day, seven days a week and will accommodate vessels to 120 thousand DWT and up to 270 meters (886 feet) long.

  • Cruise terminals

As the fastest-growing segment of the tourism market, the cruise industry in Australia has grown by 35% in past years, and the New South Wales cruise industry contributes more than $150 million to the annual economy. Beyond commercial cargo, the Port of Sydney has significant cruise traffic. The Port of Sydney is the tourism gateway to New South Wales and the rest of the country. The Darling Harbor Wharf 8 terminals and the Overseas Passenger Terminal at Circular Quay serve the world's leading luxury cruise liners. Both terminals are located in the heart of the city near popular tourist attractions.

Queen Elizabeth II (QE2) in Sydney Harbour

Queen Elizabeth II (QE2) in Sydney Harbour

Taken 2007.
Photo by Merbabu

The Port of Sydney is recognized as the world's best turn-around port operations by the cruise industry. The cruise business in the Port of Sydney is booming. The 2011-2012 cruise season is expected to be the Port of Sydney's busiest ever, with cruise ship visits increasing from 150 in 2010-2011 to 214 in 2011-2012.

The Port of Sydney's cruise customers include domestic cruise operators and world cruise lines. The Port of Sydney's White Bay Cruise Passenger Terminal is dedicated to domestic cruise ships and will replace the temporary cruise terminal at Darling Harbor so that the new Barangaroo development can be completed.

The Seabourn Spirit<br>Sydney Cove, Sydney

The Seabourn Spirit
Sydney Cove, Sydney

Taken January 29, 2006.
Photo by Greg O'Beirne

The Port of Sydney has recently assembled a new Cruise Passenger Terminal Steering Committee to explore the addition of a new cruise terminal east of the Sydney Harbor Bridge. The new terminal is needed to meet the continuously growing number of cruise ships that cannot pass under the bridge. The committee could not identify an alternative location near the bridge for a new cruise ship terminal and recommended changes to the existing Overseas Passenger Terminal at Circular Quay so that the facility could receive larger ships.

  • Rail and intermodal connections

The Port of Sydney's Enfield is a 60-hectare facility on a dedicated freight rail line linking the port to Port Botany. Purchased from FreightCorp in 2000, the former marshaling yard is currently zoned for commercial rail use. The Port of Sydney proposes to develop the site as an Intermodal Logistics Center to help meet the growth in containers traveling through Port Botany. The Port of Sydney anticipates that the facility will have capacity for 300 thousand TEUs per year. It will also provide storage for empty containers and warehousing. The new facility will be part of the intermodal terminal network and will handle some 25% of the Port of Sydney's intermodal demand. The facility is near the Port of Sydney's catchment markets and is easily accessible to arterial roads.

Woolwich Ferry Wharf<br>Sydney

Woolwich Ferry Wharf

Photo by J Bar

  • Port services

The Harbor Master in the Port of Sydney directs and controls the entry and exit of vessels from the port. To assure safe navigation, the Port of Sydney Harbor Master engages in continuous risk evaluation and mitigation that integrates pilotage, vessel traffic, and port procedures. Sydney Harbor and Botany Bay are both working harbors and centers for recreational boating. A Port of Sydney vessel escorts all seagoing ships more than 100 meters (328 feet) long. All craft must maintain a safe distance of 500 meters (1640 feet) ahead and 30 meters (98 feet) on each side of seagoing ships in the harbor.

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