Although Port Kembla has traditionally been a port for handling bulk cargoes like iron ore, grain, and coal, it is undergoing major expansions to add general, breakbulk, and containerized cargoes. It has an advantage, being the closest port to southwest Sydney. With $5.5 billion in trade passing through the port each year, Port Kembla is a major player in the Illawarra regional economy, contributing $418 million each year and providing 3.5 thousand jobs.
Australian Amalgamated Terminals is a multi-user facility providing facilities and support for the stevedoring industry. The Port Kembla facility offers three berths and is adding a fourth berth and wharf extension. The terminal area has a 15 thousand square meter storage building and two 2200 square meter sheds for containers, breakbulk, and vehicles.
BlueScope Steel operates the only wide plate steel mill in Australia at its Port Kembla Steelworks. Recently modernizing its facilities, BlueScope Steel exports about 11 million tons of coal and coke each year.
Port Kembla Gateway, a privately-leased berth, handles bulk and breakbulk cargoes like copper concentrate, steel products, pulp and saw logs, fertilizers, and clinker. The facility includes about four thousand square meters of storage sheds for a variety of dry- and brealkbulk goods. Major products exported through Port Kembla Gateway include copper concentrate, coal tar, clinker, steel products, ammonium sulphate, and scrap steel. Major imports include sodium sulphate, fertilizers, steel pipe, gypsum, bauxite, and soda ash.
The Port Kembla Coal Terminal serves two of the country’s richest coalfields. The quality of the coking coal produced by the mines is prized by international steelmakers. A consortium of coal producers operates the Port Kembla Coal Terminal which can handle any size of cargo from 166 thousand ton bulk carriers to 5 thousand ton barges.
The Port Kembla Grain Terminal, located in the Inner Harbor, is operated by Grain Corp, but the wharf structures are available to other users. Operating since 1989, the grain terminal includes 30 gas-tight self-emptying steel bins, and it has the southern hemisphere’s fastest ship-loading capacity for all grain terminals. The Port Kembla Grain Terminal handles all types of grains including wheat, maize, barley, sorghum, legumes, oats, and oilseed. The Terminal has storage capacity for 520 thousand tons of grain.