Newcastle Port Corporation manages and operates the Port of Newcastle, which has a solid infrastructure to handle a wide variety of cargos. Most of the trade through the port is bulk cargo (coal), but the Port contains ample facilities to handle general and breakbulk cargo and containers. The Port of Newcastle’s infrastructure includes coal terminals, a bulk liquid terminal, storage facilities, and connections with local and national rail systems.
The Port of Newcastle’s basin area is the site of general cargo handling, including containers, breakbulk, grain, and the port’s ship repair facilities. The Eastern Basin handles general cargoes that include aluminum, steel, and timber. All berths in this group have a draft of 11.6 meters. Eastern Basin No. 1 has a four-hectare area for stacking general cargo and a 7120 square meter warehouse. Eastern Basin No. 2 shares facilities with No. 1. Western Basin No. 3 contains a grain berth and storage silos with capacity for 157 thousand tons. Western Basin No. 4 is equipped with a heavy-duty berth for general and project cargo and has backup storage area of 1.5 hectares.
Formerly a cargo-handling berth, Throsby Berth No. 1 is now used for cruise and naval vessels. Throsby Basin is home to a floating dock for ship repair.
The Steelworks Channel Berth caters to bulk copper, lead, and zinc ore concentrates and has a capacity of service 1200 tons per hour. It is served by a train unloading station and a 35 thousand ton storage facility.
No. 4 Dyke Berth is dedicated to coal loading. Part of the Carrington Coal Terminal, it has capacity to load 25 million tons a year. No 5 Dyke Berth has capacity to load 25 million tons a year. No. 6 Dyke Berth is used for unloading coal from self-discharging vessels. BHP stopped producing steel in 1999, and its old port facilities have been taken over by the New South Wales government, which may develop them. Koppers Australia uses No. 6 BHP Berth to load and unload high-temperature bulk liquids.
The Kooragang Coal Terminal, covering 160 hectares, opened in 1984. Port Waratah Coal Services bought the facility from BHP in 1990 and invested $700 million to expand and update it. New rail receival facilities and stockpile capacity were added, and additional berths were built to increase the terminal’s capacity to 64 million tons per annum. After the expansion, Kooragang Coal Terminal has a capacity to handle 77 million tons. The Carrington Coal Terminal, covering 40 hectares, opened in 1976 with a capacity to load 16 million tons a year. Expansions at the terminal have brought its capacity to 25 million tons a year.
No. 2 Kooragang Berth services dry bulk products like fertilizers, phosphatic rock, ores, and meals. Designed to handle cottonseed and similar products, it is equipped with state-of-the-art dust extractors and has two multi-purpose 10 thousand meter storage sheds. It includes two bunker storage areas with a total capacity for 30 thousand tons.
The Australian Cement Newcastle Terminal in the Port of Newcastle has a capacity to store 27.5 thousand tons. It has a multi-cell silo complex and a 120-ton per hour batch tender that can produce general- and special-purpose cement blends. This state-of-the-art facility is serviced by road tankers and rail 24 hours per day.
The Cargill Australia Newcastle Tank Terminal is a bulk liquid handling and storage facility that handles non-hazardous bulk liquids like vegetable oils and tallow. Located next to the Kooragang No. 3 Wharf, in contains eight liquid storage tanks that can handle a total of nine thousand cubic meters.
Kooragang Bulk Facilities in the Port of Newcastle, also located at the No. 3 Wharf, handle unloading and storage for alumina and petroleum coke for the city’s aluminum smelters. The wharf is 190 meters long and is equipped with two vacuum unloaders than can handle 550 tons per hour. The storage facilities include three coke storage silos with capacity for 15 thousand tons each, three alumina storage silos with 35 thousand tons capacity, one alumina storage silo with 32 thousand tons capacity, one alumina storage silo with 16 thousand tons capacity, and one coke storage silo with 16 thousand tons capacity.
The Port of Newcastle’s Graincorp Ports Newcastle Terminal manages wheat, barley, oats, sorghum, canola, and chickpeas. Its main storage facilities can handle 164 thousand tons of cargo, and the western storage facilities can store almost 24 thousand tons. It also receives grains. It has a berth length of 228 meters at a depth of 11.6 meters. Graincorp exports cottonseed and other agricultural products through the new facility at Kooragong Island.
Newcastle Port Corporation owns East Basin No. 1 and 2 wharves for multi-purpose general, breakbulk, and containerized cargo. The East Basin is the center for general cargo activity in the Port of Newcastle. Its berth can handle vessels to 70 thousand DWT, and it has four hectares open storage area, 7120 square meters of covered storage, and 10 thousand square meters of off-wharf storage with rail access.
In the 2007-2008 trade year, the Port of Newcastle moved almost 89 million tons of coal, its single largest cargo. It also handled 1.3 million tons of alumina, one million tons of other bulk cargo, and a variety of other cargoes that include steel, petroleum coke, fertilizer products, wood chips, and grains.